Category Archives: General

How to Get a Legal Seperation

Legal Separation is also termed as Judicial Separation. It is a legally binding decree ordered by the court, which requires a man and woman to cease cohabitation for a particular duration of period as decided by the law prevailing in that country. Here, the court gives an opportunity to the couple to reconcile and save their marriage from divorce.

Many times, due to social pressure and religious commitments, couples hesitate to take the extreme step of divorce. Thus, they prefer going for a legal separation. After a legal separation, many rights and benefits that were enjoyed jointly by the couples are segregated and divided independently. This decree is also advantageous for the couples, who wish to retain this decree as an evidence for future records at the time of obtaining divorce.

How to Get a Legal Seperation How to Get a Legal Seperation

Steps To Consider Getting A Legal Separation

You will have to take a foremost decision whether you want to file papers with or without the help of your attorney. It all depends upon the amicable settlement between you and your spouse.

You will have to check in your area of residency whether it allows for the legal separation or not. This is a mandatory condition, as there are many countries, which do not recognize judicial separation. In these countries, people have the only alternative of divorce, if they wish to separate, irrespective of permanent of temporary separation.

Jurisdiction of the court is another pre mandatory condition. If the case is filed in the wrong court, it will simply delay the matter and add on more to your cost and time.

You will also need to work amicably along with your spouse on a legal separation agreement before filing it in the court.

This agreement of legal separation is the most important agreement. It must cover all area of the concerns namely child custody, benefits, division of the joint property, debts and liabilities. After considering all the important aspects in the agreement, this agreement will be submitted in the court. It is necessary to serve one copy of this agreement to the other spouse.

In case you or your spouse do not find any specific term or terms in the agreements fair, then either you or your spouse can also file a counter request against the Settlement agreement.

You can also to file a Joint consent legal separation agreement in the court if you wish to. This can save a lot of time and exorbitant money, which you and your spouse have to spend on attorney fee.

In case of joint consent, both the spouses will sign the agreement and present it in the court for approval. Once the court is satisfied with the averments made in the statement as true along with the proof that they are obtained by any force, fraud or undue influence, the court may grant a decree of legal separation.

Couples can follow these steps on how to get a legal separation and implement them. This can save the time and money of many spouses, who wish to get immediate legal separation and without spending too much money on paying the fees of the attorney.


Legal separation granted by the court provides an opportunity for the spouses to reconcile and save their marriage from breaking permanently by taking an extreme step of divorce.


In legal separation, spouses remain in a legal marriage. Although they are separated through a legal separation decree, they are not divorced. Thus, if any one of the spouses wants to remarry, they will have to first file a suit for divorce, terminate their marriage and then can go for second marriage.

How to Relieve Yourself in the Woods

Sooner or later every backpacker must learn how to go to the bathroom in the wilderness without leaving behind an unsightly mess for the next visitor. It’s important to follow a few basic rules in order to maintain a clean environment, and to prevent the transmission of any infectious diseases that may be passed on to the next backpacker. Remember: you’re only visiting the wilderness. You need to be a respectful guest.

The best way to accomplish this is to find a secluded spot for your personal “toilet” that is reasonably far off the trail to offer privacy, and on a slight slope to ensure it won’t be a likely campsite for future travelers. Stay at least 100 yards away from any streams or rivers.

relieving yourself How to Relieve Yourself in the Woods

The basic equipment to take with you for a wilderness toilet includes:
- a small plastic trowel
. two or three heavy-duty plastic bags
- a partial roll of toilet paper (leave the full roll at home)
- a small nylon sack to carry these items.
- book of matches (optional)
- several packs of individual pre-moistened cleansing towelettes

Carry a small roll of toilet paper inside one of the plastic bags, and use the doubled baggy to transport the used paper out of the wilderness for disposal at the bathroom nearest the trailhead. Some people prefer to burn their used toilet paper, and leave the ashes behind. But depending on the terrain, fire hazard, etc., this may not be an option. To be safe, be prepared to carry your used paper out with you.

Once you’ve found a spot for your bathroom, the next step is to dig a small hole to use as your personal toilet. If you’ve ever watched a cat scratch away dirt in their catbox, you get the idea. If the top layer of soil is covered with leaves and decomposing matter, gently move that aside to replace later and “camouflage” the dirt disturbed by your toilet.

To defecate, dig a hole at least six inches deep. You will need to squat down over this hole. Some people prefer to locate it near a boulder or log or something else they can use to lean against or onto for support. It may take some practice before you can comforta squat down and balance yourself over your “toilet” for the time it fakes you to finish.

“Remember:you ‘re only visiting the wilderness. You need to be a respectful guest.”

If you only need to urinate, you do not need to dig a hole. However, be sure to stay well away from any bodies of water to prevent contamination, and stay away from campgrounds to avoiding unpleasant “kitty-litter” odors.

After defecating, once you’ve wiped yourself off, do not throw the paper into the hole. It may become uncovered and wind up as trash near someone’s campsite, or get carried off by the wind and turn into an unsightly “daisy” stuck to a nearby bush. Instead, use some clean paper to wrap around the used paper, and stash this inside the doubled-up baggy in your nylon “toilet kit.”

Finally, use one of the premoistened towelettes to clean your hands.

As with all new and unfamiliar skills, this may seem awkward at first. But with practice it will become as routine as using your toilet at home.
If you are traveling with a large group, you may want to coordinate a variety of “bathroom areas” to avoid concentrating a large amount of waste in one area.

If you are traveling with children, depending on their age, you may need to supervise their bathroom activities. Obviously, if they are still in diapers, or new to being “potty trained,” it will be normal for you to be responsible for changing and packing out diapers or helping them with their bathroom. Even grade school kids will need some help with these skills, at least at first.

Explain to them how to make a “wilderness toilet,” and why it’s so important to keep the wilderness clean. (Children are getting more environmentally conscious all the timeˇŞthey will want to protect the local ecology.) Hike with them to a suitable location, help prepare the bathroom area, and then give them enough privacy so you both feel comfortable while they’re using the toilet. After they are done, make sure they carry out the used paper, and leave the area cleaned up for the next hiker.

If you are traveling with children who still wet the bed, employ all your usual safeguards (no fluids after dinner, have them go to the bathroom right before bedtime, etc.) and make sure they are using synthetic, not down, sleeping bags. Use a lightweight sleeping bag liner which is much easier to rinse and dry on the trail than the whole sleeping bag.

How Scented Flameless Candles Work

The convenience flameless candles offers, especially scented flameless candles, makes it easier for us to go on with other activities of our daily lives. But for the inquisitive mind, a question arises as to how exactly scented flameless candles work. Is the technology behind these unique candles complicated? Do scented flameless candles contain little “machines” trapped inside each candle? Can the technology of scented flameless candles be replicated?

how scented flameless candles work How Scented Flameless Candles Work

Anatomy of scented flameless candles

From afar scented flameless candles look exactly like what they are intended to look: real candles made of wax. Just like their genuine counterparts, they are hollow—as if to mimic the result of pillars of wax melted by the candle’s heat. They have wicks, too. The only difference is that their wicks are, of course, soot-free and will not burn anything. In fact, these do not emit heat, and if you look closely you will not see a flame. The light the wick emits actually pulses every so often such that the candle appears to be a “flickering” flame.

The real action lies beneath the simulated wick, for there is a compartment that holds the batteries. Some scented flameless candles have rechargeable batteries. Some require only one battery, while others need at least two to function at their best.

The compartment that houses the batteries also contains a circuit board with an LED (light emitting diode). As with any other flameless candles, LED technology is what powers it. This technology pertains to a process where electric current is actually converted to light energy when activated.

Story behind the scent

The feature that can be seen only in flameless scented candles is the presence of a fragrance compartment and a device which looks like a fan. The fragrance compartment houses the scent that is intended to be released by the candle. Some have replaceable fragrance cartridges, while others do not have this feature.

The placement of the fan is crucial because when the switch of the candle is turned on, not only will the circuit board be activated to convert electric energy to light energy, it also sets in motion the fanning action whereby air is blown toward the fragrance compartment.

The composition of the candle is such that the fragrance passes in an upward direction. This means that the air from the fanning device is strong enough to lift the fragrance so that it is “released” into the surrounding area.

This is how your basic scented flameless candle works. Know, however, that there are many variations of this technology. Some have incorporated timing devices so that even if the candle is off, gusts of fragrance are still released to the air. Some have also combined insect repellants to the fragrance. There are countless choices of scents.

How LED Candles Work

LED candles are products of technology and innovation that borrow the most basic idea from LED technology. The innovation behind this smart candle is not exclusive to itself. Man has toyed with the idea of LED technology for years. Thankfully, inventors have now reconciled its benefits with the needs of ordinary consumers: safe, toxic-free candles included!

Learning from LED Technology

LED technology has been around since the early 1900s. However, it had been used only for more practical and commercial purposes in the 1960s. Further, it was not until recently that LED technology has been maximized so as to get full advantage of its potentials.

how led candles work How LED Candles Work

LED is the acronym for “light-emitting diode.” It pertains to the diode or chip that is at the heart of the candle that is responsible for converting electricity into light. Depending on the composition and the size of the diode or chip, the device generates different levels of lighting. Some LED candles, for example, have computer-generated chips and have benefits of other available technologies, such that they now can boast of unique features like showing random patterns, emitting air fresheners or reflecting a variety of colors. Moreover, there are now LED candles that have timing devices, and most share the feature of a switch that can control the softness of harshness of light.

The powerhouse of an LED candle is its battery pack. Some LED candles have replaceable AAA batteries, while others run on lithium batteries. Some are even rechargeable. The life of the LED candle and the length of time it can be reused depends on the kind of batteries it has. Naturally, rechargeable and lithium batteries lead to longer-lasting LED candles. Remember that the beauty of the candle lies in the conversion of electricity to light, and the electric current comes from the battery that comes with the candle.

Internal Workings of an LED Candle

The battery supplies the electric current, which is then directed to the diode or chip. When this is received by the diode, it emits energy in the form of light. What color is emitted will depend on a lot of factors, but the predominant one is the composition and materials in the semi-conducting chip.

The application of LED technology in a candle is actually simpler compared to that of other applications. For instance, LED technology is now being used in remote controls of television sets and other devices. It is even used to purify water.

Suffice it to say that LED technology has come a long way since its discovery. Candles have benefited immensely from the fruits of this technology. Hence, you should not be afraid of trying LED candles because LED technology has been developed precisely so that you can become worry-free.

In a nutshell, the process by which LED candles came about is very simple. The bottom line is that LED candles provide simple solutions to your otherwise complex problems.

How Does Plumbing Work?

Over recent years, house owners and tenants have demonstrated a willingness, indeed a preference, to tackle their own plumbing repairs. As manufacturers responded to these demands by supplying hardware specially designed for them, householders in turn became even more ambitious, stimulating a growing industry aimed directly at the DIY market. Almost every aspect of home plumbing repair and improvement has been catered for with lightweight, attractive fittings which can be plumbed in quickly and confidently with traditional metal or modern plastic pipework. As usual, the need to save money has been the main incentive for the increased interest in DIY plumbing.

how does plumbing work How Does Plumbing Work?

Materials alone are relatively expensive but the price of professional labour constitutes the greater part of any bill you incur, especially if it is necessary to call out a plumber at weekends or at an inconveniently late hour. Furthermore, stopping a leak quickly can save the expense and disappointment of ruined decorations or even the replacement of rotted household timbers. Even if you are insured against plumbing failures, it does not compensate for the disruption caused by major refurbishment. Lastly, there is the cost of water itself. A dripping tap wastes gallons of water a day, and if it’s a hot water tap, there is the additional expense of heating it literally down the drain. The few pence spent on a washer can save you pounds.

Direct and indirect systems
You should familiarize yourself with the plumbing system in your own house so that you can isolate the relevant sections and drain the water during an emergency or prior to repairs and rerouting pipework.

Direct system
In many older properties, mains pressure is supplied to all cold water taps and WCs. Hot water is fed indirectly from the storage cistern via the hot water cylinder. The only advantage with this direct system is that drinking water can be drawn from any cold water tap in the house.

Indirect system
Most homes, and certainly modern houses, are plumbed with an indirect system. Water under mains pressure enters the house through a service pipe and proceeds via the rising main directly to the cold water storage cistern, normally situated in the roof space. A branch pipe from the rising main delivers drinking water to the kitchen sink, and possibly to a garden tap through another pipe. All other cold water taps and appliances are fed indirectly, that is, under gravity pressure only, from the storage cistern. The hot water storage cylinder is also supplied with cold water from the same cistern. There it is heated either indirectly by the central heating system, or by electric immersion heaters, then drawn off from the top of the cylinder to hot water taps in the bathroom, kitchen and some of the bedrooms.

An indirect system provides several advantages to the householder and the water authority. Firstly, there is adequate water stored in the cistern to flush sanitary ware during a temporary mains failure. Also, as the major part of the supply is under relatively low pressure, an indirect system is reasonably quiet. (High mains pressure can cause ‘water hammer’ as the water tries to negotiate tight bends.) As few outlets are connected to the mains, there is less likelihood of impure water being siphoned back into the mains supply-an important consideration with regard to hygiene.

Waste water is drained from either system in one of two ways. Up until the late 1940s or 50s, water was drained from baths, sinks and basins into a wastepipe which fed into a trapped gully at ground level. Toilet waste fed separately into a large diameter soil pipe running directly to the underground main drainage network.

A single stack waste system is used on later buildings where all waste drains into a single soil pipe. The only possible exception is the kitchen sink which still drains into a gully.

Rain water always feeds into a separate drain so that the house drainage system will not be flooded in the event of a storm.

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